Kain Bidang is an single panel ikat woven textile made by the Dayak Desa women in the Sintang area of West Kalimantan. A bidang is a single panel textile that is then opened and sewn into a tubular skirt whereas a kain bidang is left as an open single textile. Kain bidang will be used for ceremonies upon which offerings are placed or it may wrap an offering. The mordanting process to achieve the red dye is complex as it requires many different plants from the forest and must be performed with a ritual. The Dayak textiles have always been highly regarded for their unique designs, many of which were originally woven from dreams.
The motifs on this textile is called uwi, beruru and semengat. Uwi means rattan. The various stages of the rattan's lifecycle is often depicted in a single textile. It starts with young rattan, which has many spines, then the middle-aged rattan until the mature rattan, which is ready to become material for basket weaving. In the middle is called beruru represents a liana climber (Entada phaseoloides) by which a woman named Bulan climbs to the sky after she is thrown out of her house by her husband named Tuap because she had grown so large. As she climbs she becomes more and more beautiful and her husband follows her begging her to come back but she does not want to and cuts the beruru liana and her husband falls back to earth. He cries each full moon as he gazes into the sky missing his wife. The last pattern in the bottom is called semengat refers to a ladder to the heavens. Dayak Desa people believe that humans are able to request help from Petera, the protector of all beings, by climbing the semengat to access the heavens.
Information about the makers will be supplied with each cloth.
Warp ikat, commercial cotton, single panel, twisted fringe, natural dyes. Ikat, tied, dyed and woven in Sintang, Kalimantan, 2021. Size 150 x 56 cm / 59 x 22 in